The way to Develop and Look after Alocasia

10 min read

Discovered all through the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia, the grand Alocasia is a formidable plant to behold. Relying on the variability, it has the flexibility to achieve 15 ft or extra in top, with a leaf span of as much as eight ft. Alocasia can attain this spectacular measurement inside three months, making it a particularly fast-growing plant.

These vegetation love heat and damp soil, however want correct drainage. Moreover, most Alocasia love shiny daylight, however it needs to be oblique and by no means totally on the leaves. Whatever the number of Alocasia you might have chosen, their care may be very related even when their appears to be like and measurement usually are not.

Photo by Jennifer Burk on Unsplash

Alocasia is colloquially generally known as the Elephant’s Ear, and it’s simple to see the way it acquired this identify. The large leaves on this plant resemble the ear of an elephant in each measurement and form. For many Alocasia varieties, the leaves attain 18 to 36 inches in size. There are greater than 80 distinctive types of Elephant Ear vegetation, with many being a lot smaller or bigger than the common.

Within the 1950s, Alocasia was used as a centerpiece potted plant in lots of houses and companies. The attention-catching aesthetic of this plant might simply flip heads and begin prolonged conversations. As a houseplant generally saved outdoors of its native vary, Alocasia will be considerably finicky to maintain wholesome. As soon as you know the way to develop and care to your Alocasia, the vegetation can thrive indoors in most areas around the globe.

Alocasia Basic Care

Whereas there are greater than 80 types of Alocasia, the genus itself has related primary wants. Apart from just a few uncommon hybrid varieties, all Alocasia will thrive when given the best rainforest-type situations.

These vegetation love heat and damp soil, however want correct drainage. Moreover, most Alocasia love shiny daylight, however it needs to be oblique and by no means totally on the leaves. Whatever the number of Alocasia you might have chosen, their care may be very related even when their appears to be like and measurement usually are not.

Watering Your Alocasia

As with all life varieties on the planet, water is a necessity. For Alocasia, this implies balancing the wonderful line between moist and moist. They’re water loving vegetation, however soil that continues to be moist for too lengthy can result in fungal infections which might rapidly kill an in any other case wholesome plant. The primary two to 3 inches of the soil needs to be practically dry earlier than watering your Alocasia once more. In case your soil is well-aerated and fast-draining, over-watering shouldn’t be a problem.

Alocasia are vascular vegetation and are capable of carry out “guttation” all through the night time. This implies the plant has the flexibility to expel extra water out by the leaves. For those who discover your plant doing this frequently, it may be time to chop again in your watering and make sure the roots usually are not growing rot or fungus.

One of the best time of day to water your Alocasia is early within the morning by pouring the water instantly onto the soil. As well as, chances are you’ll need to give your Alocasia the occasional bathe to assist preserve mud and different particles off the leaves. This may be performed by putting your potted plant outdoor throughout a summer time rainstorm, or by putting it in your lavatory bathe. Alocasia might want to stay moist all 12 months, though your watering quantity will be lowered within the winter when the plant is resting. Lowering the water totally throughout these few months may cause the plant to enter dormancy.


As with all vegetation, correct gentle is among the primary wants it’s essential to present. Whether or not you select to make the most of pure daylight or shall be offering synthetic lighting, Alocasia does greatest in shiny however oblique gentle. Just a few varieties can thrive in full daylight, however might run the danger of leaf scorching or bleaching. In case you are buying your Alocasia direct from a nursery or grower, you should definitely ask in regards to the particular vegetation’ gentle wants.

Alocasia grown indoors close to a window or beneath synthetic lighting needs to be rotated on a weekly foundation to make sure the plant grows straight and doesn’t lean to at least one aspect. These vegetation are extraordinarily quick rising, with some varieties creating new leaves each 10 days, so you should definitely rotate your vegetation frequently.

Temperature and Humidity

As they’re an equatorial tropical plant, Alocasia thrive in heat and humid environments. In case your temperatures drop beneath 60 levels Fahrenheit, Alocasia can turn out to be harassed to the purpose of dying. All the time guarantee your plant is refrained from chilly drafts, air conditioners, and open home windows until your outside temperatures are in a extra comfy vary to your plant.

Humidity is one other vital facet for Alocasia. This massive plant loves humidity ranges of 70 to 80% however can thrive in a humidity as little as 60%. Rising the humidity ranges round your indoor plant will be as simple as offering a drip tray beneath the pot that comprises pebbles and water. Make sure the pot itself is saved above the water stage with the pebbles, and because the water on this tray evaporates it is going to assist create a micro humid surroundings close to your plant. Moreover, you possibly can contemplate including humidifiers and misting programs in your plant room for those who plan on having a bigger variety of tropical vegetation indoors.


Alocasia loves moist and heat soil, however is not going to thrive with overly moist or soggy roots. As such, you’ll need to offer your vegetation with a fast-draining soil. The perfect combination is free and never compact, with a good combination of each peat moss and perlite to offer ample aeration. There’s a very wonderful line relating to moist soil and moist soil, and your Alocasia can rapidly develop fungal infections if saved too moist.


Bigger vegetation will be particularly demanding relating to vitamins, so offering fertilizer is extraordinarily vital in the course of the rising season. Liquid fertilizers are most frequently used for indoor Alocasia, however granular variations are additionally acceptable. All through the rising season, your vegetation will certainly profit from fertilizer utility each two weeks. Because the plant slows down and enters the resting interval by the autumn and winter months, you possibly can cease fertilizing totally.

Be sure that you comply with the feeding instructions on the fertilizer you might have chosen. Some liquid fertilizer will must be diluted and others is not going to. Moreover, for those who discover your Alocasia leaves are beginning to flip yellow, search for a fertilizer that comprises micronutrients. For those who can’t discover that in your space, including a small quantity of Epsom salt to the pot as soon as a month will assist increase magnesium ranges and nutrient uptake by your vegetation.

Propagating Your Alocasia

Alocasia is a tuberous plant, and as such will be extraordinarily simple to propagate. Nonetheless, it would take a little bit of muscle from you relying on the dimensions of the plant. All types of Alocasia will be propagated by rhizome division, which implies you’ll need to have entry to the roots. This may be as simple as digging down into the soil gently, or by eradicating your entire plant from its pot and cleansing up the basis base. For bigger vegetation, the latter technique could also be rather more labor-intensive.

After you might have entry to the roots, you’ll discover a clump of a number of stalks every with their very own root system and doubtlessly even their very own leaves. These tiny clones of your bigger plant are the offsets you need to separate. The rhizomes needs to be simple to unclump with out a lot stress. As soon as separated from the bigger plant, you possibly can place these smaller clones into their very own pot or backyard house and watch them develop at a fast tempo.

Alocasia Varieties

Whether or not you’re searching for an enormous plant to be the centerpiece of your backyard, or need one thing just a little extra manageable as an indoor potted plant, you’ll find the right Alocasia selection. Having been selectively propagated and hybridized from the unique species, there’s now a variety of leaf shapes, colours, and sizes to swimsuit any choice.

Among the commonest Alocasia varieties in the marketplace at the moment embrace:

Alocasia amazonica “Polly”

One of many smallest types of Elephant Ear plant, “Polly” is a extremely sought-after indoor selection. It could possibly attain 18 inches in top, with arrow formed leaves that may attain 16 inches in size. “Polly” is generally simple to search out in native nurseries in addition to on-line making it the most effective types of Alocasia to begin with.

Alocasia micholitziana “Frydek”

Often known as the Inexperienced Velvet, the “Frydek” selection is one other frequent indoor Alocasia to contemplate. The leaves on “Frydek” can attain 18 inches in size, however the plant itself can attain a top of round three ft making it extra of a centerpiece than a windowsill plant. The leaves on “Frydek” are deep inexperienced in coloration, with contrasting white highlights on the veins.

Alocasia zebrina “Zebra”

Residing as much as its frequent identify, the “Zebra” sports activities a gorgeous zebra-print stalk main as much as deep-green coloured, shield-shaped leaves. Much like the “Frydek” selection, this plant may also attain a top of round three ft. In very best situations “Zebra” can produce new leaves each 10 to 14 days making it a particularly prolific and fast-growing centerpiece to your backyard.

Alocasia reginula “Black Velvet”

This gorgeous little plant is among the smallest types of Alocasia you’ll find. Rising to a top of simply 12 inches, and spanning not more than 18 inches in width, the “Black Velvet” is a compact bush number of Alocasia. The leaves are extraordinarily darkish in coloration, lending to this plant’s identify, and develop within the form of a coronary heart. “Black Velvet” can simply make an excellent dialog starter in your house or workplace, merely because of the enticing and distinctive coloration it shows.

Alocasia baginda “Silver Dragon”

The distinctive leaf coloration on this plant helped result in its identify. “Silver Dragon” leaves keep a silvery or frosted coloration, with deep inexperienced veins on the highest. The underside of the leaves change colours totally to a light-weight inexperienced and brown mixture. “Silver Dragon” stays comparatively small, as Alocasia goes, rising to a max top of round three ft. The smaller measurement of this plant makes it appropriate for rising indoors, whereas nonetheless sustaining a formidable look in your house or workplace.

Alocasia “Stingray” (Hybrid)

The leaf form on this huge plant gave it the nickname of “Stingray”. Every leaf shows a rounded-wing form, and has a noticeable tail on the terminal level. The resemblance to an ocean-dwelling stingray fish was sufficient to earn this plant that frequent identify. “Stingray” can develop to a formidable top of 6 ft inside 2 months, making it a dominant centerpiece in your backyard. The stalks are lengthy and skinny, displaying a novel striped coloring that leads as much as wealthy inexperienced leaves.

Alocasia macrorrhizos “Large Taro”

In case you are looking for the most important of the massive in Alocasia, the “Large Taro” is strictly what you need. This large plant can attain 18 ft in top, with every leaf reaching 5 ft or extra in size when grown in optimum situations. Indoors, the “Large Taro” stays barely extra modest in measurement reaching 5 ft in top with a leaf-span of round three ft. The leaves on this plant are extraordinarily shiny and lime-green in coloration. The arrow form with pronounced ribbing and veins are each enticing and spectacular.

Alocasia cuprea “Purple Secret”

Not all Alocasia show darkish inexperienced foliage. The “Purple Secret” lives as much as its identify by producing gorgeous dark-red toned leaves with close to black veins. Every shiny leaf can attain 18 inches in size and are uniquely oval in form. The plant can develop to a top of three ft making it a really enticing and attention-grabbing potted plant to your dwelling or workplace. “Purple Secret” is among the harder varieties to search out, however it does very properly in an indoor setting.

Alocasia cucullata “Hooded Dwarf”

Generally seen because the Alocasia of option to be grown in Buddhist temples all through Thailand, the “Hooded Dwarf” selection is alleged to convey good luck to those that are round it. Reaching a top of round three ft, with shiny inexperienced leaves that may attain 12 inches in size, this selection is a good alternative for the start Alocasia caretaker. The “Hooded Dwarf” may be very hardy as Alocasia goes, and does very properly in each indoor and outside situations. It could possibly tolerate a wider vary of daylight and shade situations, and handles over-watering higher than another varieties.

Alocasia lauterbachiana “Purple Sword”

Taking the cake for having probably the most distinctive leaf form, the “Purple Sword” undoubtedly lives as much as its identify. Leaves on this Alocasia selection are sword-like in form and look, reaching lengths of 24 inches. The shiny inexperienced coloration of every leaf is accented by a wide range of purple hues within the veins and alongside the sides. This sizable Alocasia selection can attain four ft and top and width making it a formidable centerpiece to your backyard or dwelling. Barely extra fickle relating to daylight and water necessities, the “Purple Sword” could make a surprising addition to your plant assortment when given the best care.

Potential Pests and Ailments for Alocasia

Whereas considerably extra hardy than different tropical vegetation, Alocasia will be quite liable to a lot of illnesses that assault the plant in numerous methods.

Root rot is among the greatest points confronted, and is usually attributable to over watering or retaining your Alocasia in poor draining soil. You possibly can try and deal with the basis rot by eradicating the plant from its pot, washing the soil away from as a lot of the roots as doable, and trimming the rotted roots away. As soon as that is performed, place the plant again into recent soil, making certain it’s well-draining and well-aerated. The plant might turn out to be harassed from this course of, however with persistence it may well get better rapidly.

Fungal infections on the leaves and stem will be attributable to an excessive amount of humidity round your plant. The fungus causes a fuzzy progress on the sides of the leaves, alongside the stems, and might create uncommon holes within the leaves as properly. Eradicating the contaminated leaves and stalks, decreasing the humidity, and offering extra air flow might clear up the difficulty. If not, a business fungicide can assist get your plant again to its former glory.

Alocasia are sadly quite liable to attracting pests, nonetheless prevention of those points will be as simple as offering your plant with a heat bathe as soon as a month. This helps to not solely take away doubtlessly dangerous bugs, but in addition removes family mud that may make the shiny leaves boring and unattractive. If prevention didn’t work and an infestation occurs to happen in your vegetation, a commercially accessible plant-safe insecticide can be utilized. All the time you should definitely learn the protection label on these merchandise as some might not be protected to make use of round kids or pets, and may all the time be refrained from apiaries and different areas the place helpful bugs might reside.

Is Alocasia Poisonous?

Whereas this tropical home plant is extraordinarily spectacular to see rising in your house or workplace, some types of Alocasia can be poisonous to kids and pets. All the time make certain your plant is refrained from any kids or pets that will attempt to chew on the leaves or stems.

A analysis from the North Carolina College exhibits that signs will be as gentle as nausea and abdomen cramps, to as extreme as swelling of the airways and vascular restriction. Instantly contact emergency providers or a poison management middle for those who assume your youngster has ingested any a part of your Alocasia. Get in touch with an emergency vet instantly in case your pet has chewed on the leaves or stem. Signs will be handled and each people and pets which have ingested alocasia can totally get better so long as you don’t hesitate to get correct assist.

Signs of Alocasia Poisoning in People

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdomen cramps and ache
  • Redness and burning in or across the eyes
  • Burning of the mouth or throat
  • Swelling on the face, together with eyes, mouth, and tongue
  • Problem respiration or fast heartbeat

Signs of Alocasia Poisoning in Animals

  • Extreme drooling
  • Vomiting or heaving
  • Problem swallowing
  • Swelling across the mouth and throat

To Conclude

Alocasia is usually a great plant to have in your house, workplace or backyard. It could be considerably troublesome to maintain wholesome for brand new green-thumbs, however upon getting discovered what your particular plant likes, it is going to thrive! Their progress fee is spectacular, they arrive in a variety of sizes and styles, and might undoubtedly flip heads as a centerpiece of your backyard. So long as care is taken to maintain curious kids and pets away from them, Alocasia could make a superb addition to your tropical plant assortment.

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